Engineers in a developing nation frequently come across them selves at the base of an inverted pyramid of grassroots industrial action: upgrading mechanical workshops to produce equipment for rural industries that offer inputs for agriculture and/or article-harvest processing. In Kumasi, Ghana, for case in point, the Technological know-how Consultancy Centre (TCC) of the Kwame Nkrumah College of Science and Technological know-how (KNUST) launched the manufacture of carpenters saw benches and taught regional carpenters to develop Kenyan top-bar beehives to support an substantial beekeeping field. In Kumasi in the 1970s only just one workshop created saw benches, maybe a dozen or so carpenters developed beehives but the beekeepers arrived to variety hundreds with some specific apiaries utilizing hundreds of beehives.

When in 1975 TCC engineers studied the missing-wax bronze-casting field of kurofofrom around Kumasi, the artisans, makers of the popular Ashanti gold weights, complained of scarcity of beeswax. It was quickly found out that the only locally-produced honey and beeswax in Ghana came from honey hunters who used hearth to push wild bees from their nests and choose their honey. The honey was of weak quality, frequently tasting of smoke and contaminated by the brood: youthful bees in the egg and pupa stages of advancement. It was realised that a beekeeping sector could supply the neighborhood industry with far better high quality honey, beeswax and other bee goods.

SIS Engineering Ltd, a client of the TCC was developing carpenters’ saw benches for woodworking enterprises making weaving looms for an additional rural sector project. These very same carpenters could, no question, generate beehives if ideal options ended up presented, so a research started for a beehive designed to accommodate the African honey bee. In 1977 it was found that a challenge in Kenya funded by the Canadian International Growth Company (CIDA) experienced made the Kenyan Leading-Bar Hive (KTBH) and drawings of the hive have been obtained from the Ministry of Agriculture in Nairobi. Early in 1978 three of these hives were being produced in the Office of Making Technologies workshop on the KNUST campus.

Two of the new beehives have been supplied to an APPLE venture at Atebubu in Brong-Ahafo Area which aimed to practice wild honey hunters as beekeepers. The third was mounted in the university’s botanical yard where it was quickly colonised by neighborhood bees. Regrettably, the university had no qualified beekeepers and it was not until eventually 1979 that it was achievable to ship two men and women from Kumasi to Kenya for training. On their return, some significant beekeeping started off and the on-campus apiary was steadily expanded.

By January 1981 the TCC was assured more than enough to start a education programme and a Initially National Workshop on Beekeeping was held on the KNUST campus. It was attended by 53 people, 20 had been US Peace Corps volunteers, who were really major in marketing the new rural market, and 33 had been Ghanaians and a few overseas citizens from all sections of the place. A number of these pioneers grew to become big-scale beekeepers who aided and inspired lots of of their good friends and neighbours to start off their have apiaries.

Of all the jobs of the TCC begun in the initially two a long time of its existence, it is likely that beekeeping touched the lives of most men and women and spread financial, social and overall health gains most greatly through the place. Some beekeepers, like Kwesi Addai in Sunyani constructed up apiaries of 300 hives and created honey stored in 200 litre oil drums. Once-a-year profits amounted to thousands and thousands of cedis and traders from Cote d’Ivoire crossed the border to purchase a great deal of the develop. Quite a few smaller farmers installed a number of beehives on their modest plots and women of all ages seeking to boost the diet program of their modest youngsters were being inspired by specific programmes to create one hive apiaries to deliver honey for property use and for sale.

As for the lost wax bronze casters, beeswax experienced never ever been so cheap or so plentiful. Significant shares of beeswax crafted up at the larger industrial apiaries and the TCC was faced with needs to come across export markets for this item. Beekeepers have been also seeking marketplaces for other bee goods this kind of as royal jelly, pollen and bee venom, all of which can be employed as medicines or nutritional health supplements.

Beekeeping touched the lives of hundreds of persons. It was the type of task in which worldwide growth agencies delight, bringing gains to the poorest people in the most deprived rural spots. Still it could not have flourished but for the tiny group of carpenters who manufactured the beehives, and the carpenters could not have coped with the large demand from customers for beehives devoid of the devices built by a one engineering workshop found in the fantastic town of Kumasi. The international development businesses are hesitant to aid jobs in what they contemplate to be the wealthier city locations, but without having these tasks supported by establishments like the TCC the mass-impact rural assignments would not be possible, except sustained completely from outdoors. For regionally self-sustained financial development in acquiring nations around the world a potent urban-primarily based engineering field is vital.

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